Peer Reviewed Articles

May 14, 2020

Cardiac Rehabilitation, Stress Testing and Exercise Prescription

Cardiac Rehabilitation and The Role of Exercise Stress Testing  Cardiopulmonary Assessment (CPA) or an Exercise Stress Test can be used to:  Assess extent and probability of coronary artery disease  Determine patient functional capacity at baseline […]
May 10, 2020

Heat Exhaustion

  HEAT EXHAUSTION PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Heat exhaustion is a syndrome of volume depletion secondary to heat stress. Most often, heat exhaustion manifests as physical collapse during exercise. Heat exhaustion is subdivided by etiology […]
May 9, 2020

Scapular Winging

Scapular Winging Anatomy: Scapulothoracic Joint1 The articulation between the scapula and the thorax Not a true joint – “sliding joint” – between medial border of the scapula and ribs 2-7 Function is […]
February 16, 2020

Heat Cramps

HEAT CRAMPS PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Heat cramps are painful sustained contractions of skeletal muscles occurring during or immediately after strenuous physical activity, often in environments with high ambient temperatures. The exact pathophysiology of muscle […]
February 16, 2020

Heat Related Illness

INTRODUCTION & EPIDEMIOLOGY Heat related illness is a spectrum of disease spanning minor, self-limited conditions such as heat rash and cramping to imminently life threatening syndromes such as heat stroke. A comprehensive […]
February 2, 2020

Heat Rash

Heat Rash PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Heat associated rash is known by several names including; miliaria rubra, sweat rash, and lichen tropicus. Most commonly it is referred to as prickly heat. In prolonged exposure to […]